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Old 08-10-2005, 05:40 PM   #1 (permalink)
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Default Hiragana lessons

Copying Vinayakan's idea hehe.. But I guess it's ok
So, I'll teach you the hiragana syllabary. Japanese language is written with a mix of three (or four, if you count Arabic numerals) different writing systems; Hiragana, Katakana and Kanjis. Hiragana & Katakana are both syllabaries, which means that they have a symbol for syllable. This means that the word "hiragana" would be written with four characters- hi-ra-ga-na. Kanjis are Chinese characters, and you need to know around 2000 of them. Hiragana is used to write some Japanese words and word suffixes and Katakana's used to write loan words.

LESSON 1

Vowels.. there are five of them in Japanese:
A, pronounced like the English u in cut.
E, pronounced like the English e in bet.
I, pronounced like the English i in sit.
O, pronounced like the English o in of.
U, pronounced like the English oo in foot, but half shorter.

A =
E =
I =
O =
U =

Ka =
Ke =
Ki =
Ko =
Ku =

LONG VOWELS & DOUBLE CONSONANTS
They are always long and doubled.
kaa is kaa, not ka and nonno is nonno, not nono!!!

if you want to write "kaa" you write ka + a = かあ
same with doubled consonants.

EXERCISES:

Write:
kaeko | kuka | kaake | kikaaku | koukae | okei | kaiku

Transliterate:
あいこ
けこあえく
ききこ
いくこ
おいかええ
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Old 08-10-2005, 06:22 PM   #2 (permalink)
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Talking

Transliterate:
あいこ
[AIKO]
けこあえく
[KEKOAEKU]
ききこ
[KIKIKO]
いくこ
[IKUKO]
おいかええ
[AIKAEE]
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Old 08-11-2005, 10:37 AM   #3 (permalink)
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yesss correct. I guess you know all this already


LESSON 2

Sa =
Se =
Shi = (Not SI, but SHI)
So =
Su =

Ta =
Te =
Chi =
To =
Tsu =

all the sounds are about the same in English.. just remember how the vowels are pronounced.

EXERCISE 1:
write EVERY sign you know (including lesson 1) on the paper 10 times.

I have included charts showing HOW to write the characters, so follow it!

EXERCISE 2:
Write in hiragana:
kaio | chikuko | otea | takao | itsuo | iki | aki | uko | uchi
esoki | tosiko | tooshio | tookioo | sekoa | soikea | takate

those are not real words btw.

EXERCISE 3:
Transliterate:

たいくて
あいきお
つこ
たくこ
うつく
いちこ
しあけとお
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Old 08-11-2005, 10:38 AM   #4 (permalink)
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Vowels & K:
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Old 08-11-2005, 01:51 PM   #5 (permalink)
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Talking Exercises 2.

Sorry, Jonne, I don't if it's allowed for me to answer but anyway I did it because I love japanese language!

たいくて
[TAIKUTE]
あいきお
[AIKIO]
つこ
[TSUKO]
たくこ
[TAKUKO]
うつく
[UTSUKU]
いちこ
[UCHIKO]
しあけとお
[SHIAKETOO]

Ops, exercises 3. I couldn't change the title.
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Old 08-11-2005, 05:15 PM   #6 (permalink)
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no, it's alright
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Old 08-13-2005, 02:27 PM   #7 (permalink)
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LESSON 3

I'll teach you to write n and h in this lesson.

Na =
Ne =
Ni =
No =
Nu =
N (yes, just n) =

natsu なつ
anna あんあ

EXERCISE 1:
Continue:
na な na な na な ...
ne ね ne ねne ね ...
ni に ni に ni に ...
no の no のno の ...
nu ぬ nu ぬ nu ぬ ...
n ん n ん n ん ...

EXERCISE 2:
Write:
nanna nunna enna anna nikotsu taneko kesano
nana nene nini nono nunu
anko etsuto chiniki inako otennu
anesekoto tatsunainchi

EXERCISE 3:
Transliterate:
のつ湖
たしんあえん
うつくぬ
あいきね
にし


at this point, have a short break.. 15 minutes is fine. Don't exercise these or anything releated to it. Watch tv or something.




Ha =
He =
Hi =
Ho =
Fu *hu does not exist* =

Now, as an EXERCISE number 1, repeately write these characters down on a paper as
ははは。。。
へへへ。。。
ひひひ。。。
etc. Focus on it, everytime when you write は, think what you are writing.

Always when you write Japanese, write in Japanese letters.

EXERCISE 2:
Write:
a ka sa ta na ha
e ke se te ne he
i ki shi chi ni hi
o ko so to no ho
u ku su tsu nu fu
etsuno toshiko
fuhane hinake
techini kasako
anhitsu taitsuhu

EXERCISE 3:
Transliterate:
はいきふなえ
たつほせん
たいふん
かん
せい
かな
てすちこていふこねいんさ

Have fun learning.
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